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新目標九年級英語語法總結 Unit5

2015-1-23 23:43:51下載本試卷

現在完成時態

⑴由have/ has + 過去分詞

⑵表示過去發生或已經完成的某一動作對現在造成的影響或結果

常與already, just , yet , ever, never 連用

Have you finished your work yet?你完成了你的工作了嗎?

Yes, I have. I have just finished it. 是的。我剛剛完成了。

I have already finished it . 我已經完成了。

Have you ever been to China? 你曾經去過中國嗎?

No, I have never been there. 沒有,我從來也沒有去過。

⑶①表示過去已經開始,持續到現在的動作 或狀態和表示過去某一時刻延續到現在(包括現在在內)的一段時間的狀態連用如:(for + 時間段,since + 時間點,或過去某一動作, 以及how long )

②注: 非延續性動詞在現在完成 時態中不能和for, since 引導的表示一段時間的狀語的肯定句連用。

應轉為相應的延續性動詞 如:

buy---- have  die---- be dead  join ---- be in 

borrow----- keep  leave---- be away 

I have bought a pen.------ I have had a pen for 2 weeks.

The dog has died.------- The dog has been dead since last week.

⑷①have (has) been to + 地點  去過某地 已經回來

②have (has) gone to + 地點  去了某地 沒有回來

③have been in + 地點    一直呆在某地 沒有離開過 如:

She has been to Shanghai. 她去過上海。(已經回來)

She has gone to Shanghai. 她去了上海。(沒有回來)

She has been in Shanghai for 2 days.她呆上海兩天了。(沒有離開過上海)

1.情態動詞must, may , might, could, may , can't表示推測含義與用法后面都接動詞原形,都可以表示對現在情況的揣測和推斷但他們

 含義有所不同

  must 一定 肯定 (100%的可能性)

  may, might, could有可能,也許  (20%-80%的可能性)

  can't 不可能,不會   (可能性幾乎為零)

  The dictionary must be mine. It has my name on it.

  The CD might/could/may belong to Tony because he likes listening to pop music.

  The hair band can't be Bob's. After all, he is boy!

2. whose 誰的 疑問詞 作定語 后面接名詞

如:Whose book is this? This is Lily's.

3. belong to 屬于 如:

  That English book belongs to me.

4. 當play 指彈奏樂器時,常在樂器前用定冠詞 如:

  play the guitar play the piano play the violin

當play 指進行球類運動時,則不用定冠詞 如:

  play football play basketball play baseball

5. if引導的條件狀語從句,主句用一般將來時,從句用一般現在時代替將來時 如:

  If you don't hurry up, you'll be late.如果你不快點,你將會遲到

6. if you have any idea== if you know 如果你知道

7. on 關于(學術,科目)

8. try to do sth. 嘗試做某事 如:I try to climb the tree. 我嘗試爬樹。

9. because of , because

  because of + 名詞/代詞/名詞性短語

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