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新目標九年級英語語法總結 Unit2

2015-1-23 23:45:40下載本試卷


1. used to do sth. 過去常常做某事

 否定形式: didn't use to do sth. / used not to do sth.

如:He used to play football after school. 放學后他過去常常踢足球。

   Did he use to play football? Yes, I did. No, I didn't.

   He didn't use to smoke. 他過去不吸煙。

2. 反意疑問句

  ①肯定陳述句+否定提問 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?

                      Lily will go to China, won't she?

  ②否定陳述句+肯定提問 如:She doesn't come from China, does she?

You haven't finished homework, have you?

  ③提問部分用代詞而不用名詞 Lily is a student, isn't she?

  ④陳述句中含有否定意義的詞,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等。其反意疑問句用肯定式。 如:

He knows little English, does he? 他一點也不懂英語,不是嗎?

They hardly understood it, did they?他們幾乎不明白,不是嗎?

3. play the piano 彈鋼琴

4. ①be interested in sth. 對…感興趣

②be interested in doing sth. 對做…感興趣

  如:He is interested in math, but he isn't interested in speaking English. 他對數學感興趣,但是他對說英語不感興趣。

5. interested adj. 感興趣的,指人對某事物感興趣,往往主語是人

 interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主語往往是物

6. still 仍然,還   用在be 動詞的后面 如:I'm still a student.

  用在行為動詞的前面 如:I still love him.

7. the dark 天黑,晚上,黑暗

8. 害怕… be terrified of sth. 如:I am terrified of the dog.

      be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking.

9. on 副詞,表示(電燈、電視、機械等)在運轉中/打開,

其反義詞off.  with the light on 燈開著

10. walk to somewhere 步行到某處 walk to school 步行到學校

11. spend 動詞,表示"花費金錢、時間"

  ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花費(金錢、時間)

  ②spend…doing sth. 花費(金錢、時間)去做某事 如:

He spends too much time on clothes. 他花費太多的時間在衣著

He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花費了三個月去建這座橋。

  Pay for 花費 如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元買這本書。

12. take  動詞 有"花費"的意思 常用的結構有:

  take sb. … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book.

take … to do sth.

13. chat with sb. 與某人閑聊 如:I like to chat with him. 我喜歡和他聊天。

14. worry about sb./ sth. 擔心某人/某事 worry 是動詞

  be worried about sb./sth. 擔心某人/某事 worried 是形容詞 

如:Don't worry about him. 不用擔心他。

  Mother is worried about her son. 媽媽擔心他的兒子。

15. all the time 一直、始終

16. take sb. to + 地方 送/帶某人去某個地方 如:

  A person took him to the hospital. 一個人把他送到了醫院。

  Lui took me home. 劉把我送回了家。(home 的前面不能用to)

17. hardly adv. 幾乎不、沒有   hardly ever 很少 

  hardly 修飾動詞時,通常放在助動詞、情態動詞之后,實義

動詞之前 助動詞/情態動詞+hardly

       hardly + 實義動詞  如:

  I can hardly understand them. 我幾乎不能夠明白他們。

  I hardly have time to do it. 我幾乎沒有時間去做了。

18. miss v. 思念、想念、 錯過

19. in the last few years. 在過去的幾年內 常與完成時連用 如:

I have lived in China in the last few years. 在過去的幾年內我在中國住。

20. be different from 與…不同 

21. how to swim 怎樣游泳 

  不定式與疑問詞連用:動詞不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引導的疑問句連用,構成不定工短語。如:

   The question is when to start. 問題是什么時候開始。

   I don't know where to go. 我不知道去哪。

22. make sb./ sth. + 形容詞  make you happy

  make sb./ sth. + 動詞原形 make him laugh

23. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

24. it seems that +從句 看起來好像…… 如:

  It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起來他好像變了許多。

25. help sb. with sth. 幫某人某事 

help sb. (to ) do sth. 幫某人做某事 

She helped me with English. 她幫助我學英語。

She helped me (to) study English。 她幫助我學習英語。

26. fifteen-year-old 作形容詞 15歲的 

  fifteen-year-olds 作名詞指15歲的人

  fifteen years old 指年齡 15歲 如:

  a fifteen-year-old boy 一個15歲的男孩

Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15歲的人喜歡唱歌。

I am fifteen years old . 我是15歲。

27.支付不起…  can't /couldn't afford to do sth.

         can't / couldn't afford sth.

  如:I can't/couldn't afford to buy the car.

    I can't/couldn't afford the car. 我買不起這個輛小車。

28. as + 形容詞./副詞+as sb. could/can 盡某人的…能力 如:

  Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她盡她最快的能力去跑。

29. get into trouble with 遇到麻煩 

30. in the end 最后

31. make a decision 下決定 下決心 

32. to one's surprise 令某人驚訝 如:

to their surprise 令他們驚訝 to LiLei's surprise令李雷驚訝

33. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如:

  His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸總是以他而自豪

34. pay attention to sth. 對…注意,留心 如:

  You must pay attention to your friend. 你應該多注意你的朋友。

35. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如:She is able to do it. 她能夠做到。

36. give up doing sth. 放棄做某事 如:

   My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已經放棄吸煙了。

37.不再 ①no more == no longer 如: I play tennis no more/ longer.我不再打網球。

     ②not …any more == not …any longer 如:

      I don't play tennis any more/longer. 我不再打網球。

38. go to sleep 入睡

 


 

 

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