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新目標九年級英語語法總結 Unit3

2015-1-23 23:44:16下載本試卷

1.語態:

 ①英語有兩種語態:主動語態和補動語態 

  主動語態表示是動作的執行者

被動語態表示主語是動作的承受者 

 


②被動語態的構成

  由"助動詞be +及物動詞的過去分詞"構成

 助動詞be 有人稱、數和時態的變化,其變化規則與be 作為連系動詞時完全一樣。

時態

被動語態結構

例句

一般現在 時

am

are +過去分詞

is

English is spoken in many countries.

一般過去 時

was +過去分詞

were + 過去分詞

This bridge was built in 1989.

情 態

動 詞

can/should

may +be+過去分詞

must/……

The work must be done right now.

 ③被動語態的用法

當我們不知道誰是動作的執行者,或者沒有必要指出誰是動作的執行者,或者只需強調動作的承受者時,要用被動語態。

2. allow sb. to do sth. 允許某人做某事(主動語態)如:

  Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 媽媽允許我每晚看電視。

 be allowed to do sth. 被允許做某事(被動語態)如:

  LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允許去欽州。

3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞

 讓/使(別人)做某事  get sth. done(過去分詞)

            have sth. done    如:I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我讓別人修好我的車

4. enough 足夠 

 形容詞+enough 如:beautiful enough 足夠漂亮

 enough+名詞 如:enough food 足夠食物

 enough to  足夠…去做… 如:

   I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足夠的錢去北京。

   She is old enough to go to school.她夠大去讀書了。

5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.請停止說話。

stop to do sth. 停止下來去做某事 Please stop to speak.請停下來說話。

6. 看起來好像…sb. seem to do sth. He seems to feel very sad.

it seems that +從句It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起來好像很傷心。

  7. 系動詞不能獨立作謂語,要和表語一起構成謂語。常用的連系動詞有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。連系動詞除be 和become 等少數詞可接名詞作表語外,一般都是接形容詞。 如:

  They are very happy.  He became a doctor two years ago.

She felt very tired.

8. 倒裝句:

由so+助動詞(be/do/will/have)/情態動詞+主語 意為:…也是一樣

  She is a student. So am I. 她是一個學生,我也是。

  She went to school just now. So did I . 她剛才去學校了,我也是

  She has finished the work. So have I . 她已經完成了工作,我也完成了。

  She will go to school. So will he. 她將去學校,他也是。

9. yet 仍然,還 常用在否定句或疑問句當中

10. stay up 熬夜如:I often stay up until 12:00pm.我經常熬夜到12點。

11. clean up 打掃 整理 如:

  I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已經打掃完了臥室。

12. 程度副詞:

always總是 usually經常 sometimes有時 never從不

如:I am always/usually/sometimes/never late for school.

    我總是/經常/有時/從不上學遲到。

13. 曾經做某事: 

  Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don't.

  Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven't.

14. go shopping(去購物), go fishing(去釣魚), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去劃船), go hiking(去登山), go trekking(去徒步)

15. be strict with sb. 對某人嚴厲 如:

  Mother is strict with her son. 媽媽對她的兒子很嚴厲。

 16. take the test 參加考試 pass the test 通過考試 fail a test 考試失敗

17. the other day 前幾天

18. agree 同意 反義詞 disagree不同意 動詞

  agreement 同意 反義詞 disagreement 不同意 名詞

18. keep sb/ sth. +形容詞 使某人/某物保持…. 如:

  We should keep our city clean.我們應該保持我們的城市干凈。

19. both…and… +動詞復數形式

如: Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.

20. learn (sth.) from sb. 向誰學習(什么) 如:

 Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英語老師學習英語

21. have an opportunity to do sth. 有機會做某事

  have a chance of doing sth. 有機會做某事

  如:I have an opportunity to go to Beijing. I have a chance of going to Beijing.

22. at present 目前

23. at least 最少 at most 最多

24. 花費 take ,cost, spend , pay

  sth. take (sb.) time to do sth. It took (me) 10days to read the book.

  sth. cost (sb.) ……    The book cost (me) 100yuan.

  sb. spend … on sth.    She spent 10days on this book.

  sb. spend …doing sth.   She spent 10days reading this book.

  sb. pay … for sth.     She paid 10yuan for this book.

25. have +時間段+off  放假,休息 如:have 2 days off

26. reply to 答復某人 如:She replayed to MrGreen.

27. agree with sth. 同意某事   如:I agree with that idea.

  agree to sb. 同意某人的意見 如:I agree to LiLei.

28. get in the way of 礙事,妨礙 如:

Her social life got in the way of her studies. 她的社會生活妨礙了她的學習。

29. success n. succeed v. successful adj. successfully adv.

30. think about 與think of 的區別

  ①當兩者譯為: 認為、想起、記著時,兩者可互用

   I often think about/ of that day. 我經常想起那天。

  ②think about 還有"考慮"之意 ,think of  想到、想出時兩者不能互用

  At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一個好主意。

  We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 我們正在考慮去欽州。

31. 對… 熱衷, 對…興趣

be serious about doing 如:She is serious about dancing. 她對跳舞熱衷。

be serious about sth. 如:She is serious about him. 她對他感興趣。

32. practice doing 練習做某事

She often practice speaking English.

33. care about sb. 關心某人 如:Mother often care about her son.

34. also 也  用于句中

  either也  用于否定句且用于句末

  too  也 用于肯定句且用于句末

  I am also a student. 我也是一個學生

  I am a student too. 我也是一個學生。

I am not a student either. 我也不是一個學生。

 

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